An Overview

Regardless of the context—whether it is concerning substance use, sexual harassment, or racism—the term “victim” often comes with a negative connotation. We often blame the victim in these cases, as if they brought their suffering on themselves through their actions or attitude.

Especially in the context of the biological disease of addiction, the person suffering from the disease is often stigmatized as being at fault for not having the “willpower” to resist the substance and get their lives back on track. They are accused of having a “victim mentality,” as if they remain addicted on purpose.

This notion of a “victim mentality” can raise some eyebrows, spark some heated discussions, and raise up a slew of defensive walls. But why is this the case? And is it warranted? The choice of language can play a significant role in this process, and therapists may work collaboratively with clients to determine how they wish to be described or identified.

Villainizing the Victim

Psychotherapist Beverly Engel is a well-known psychotherapist, author, and advocate who specializes in the field of relationships, self-esteem, trauma recovery, and emotional healing. She has written numerous books on these topics and has made significant contributions to the field of psychology and self-help.

Engel is also very concerned with the recent dilemma of “When Did ‘Victim’ Become a Dirty Word?” and criticizes American culture as a whole for the way that we respond to people who are faced with adversity and trials. She focuses especially on the tendency to blame those who are negatively affected by something that was out of their control and has left them helpless and defeated.

In real life, this mindset toward those who suffer might look like blaming the victim for staying with an abusive partner or claiming that a person who lost their life to a drug overdose “brought this upon themselves.”

In summary, these are some of Engel’s main reasons why Americans in general have grown used to villainizing the victim:

  • We idolize optimism and condemn negativity, even to the point of denying the difficult parts of a situation. Engel writes, “In this country, we are supposed to see the bright side of things. We are supposed to say things like, ‘Everything happens for a reason or ‘I’m grateful that it wasn’t worse.’”
  • To acknowledge the horror and trauma that a victim has endured can open up the door to also acknowledging how others have been contributors, enablers, or bystanders.
  • Humans greatly fear not having control, so when a victim to admits that they have been put in situations that make them helpless, they are bringing to light the hard truth that we are more powerless than we like to think we are. Thus, we have a tendency to lash out at the victim, in response to our own fears and insecurities.

Victim Mentality vs Actual Victim in Recovery

Anyone who has suffered at the hands of something out of their control is or has been a victim. For the most part, it is the quality of feeling helpless in the face of poor or abusive treatment from others or, in the case of addiction, from a substance, that defines someone who is a victim.

Having a victim mentality is not the same as being a victim. Merriam Webster Dictionary defines “victim mentality” as “the belief that one is always a victim: the idea that bad things will always happen to one.” Just because you are victim does not mean you have a victim mentality. A victim mentality assumes that one is helpless instead of accepting that one has the authority to make changes.

In the case of addiction, it’s important that victims of substance use disorder not get caught in a victim mentality. In an excellent article on how a person in recovery can break free from this victim mindset, Jackie Hammers-Crowell first explains its connection to addiction, and then digs into two methods for taking back control: 1) emotional resilience and 2) accountability.

Victims and Validation

Engel specifically warns against encouraging victims to just “push through the pain,” and chastises the lofty promise that a little more perseverance will unlock that “easy, speedy recovery.” However, Hammers-Crowell’s approach isn’t asking readers to do either of these things. Instead, she focuses on how people who are suffering can take back control of their lives without ignoring their pain.

She acknowledges that recovering from substance abuse must entail also healing from mental illnesses, poor coping habits, and unhealthy mindsets. This might be a life-long process, but its rewards will always be worth it.

By attending a recovery center that specializes in holistic treatment, you will ensure that the underlying emotional trauma will be validated and addressed. This follows Engel’s main call to action: to first legitimize and then provide space for the victim’s suffering.

From Victim to Victor

Hammers-Crowell nicely pinpoints the crux of letting go of a victim mentality: “Placing fault on someone else shifts responsibility, however. It gives away power that rightfully belongs to the person trying to find recovery.”

This is similar to how Engel criticized others’ tendency to shift the blame from perpetrators onto the victim in order to sweep under the rug anyone else’s responsibility. Clients struggling with victim mentality can blind themselves from the power within them to go after recovery.

It’s important to use the term “victim” with sensitivity and consideration for the individual’s perspective and preferences. Some people may prefer to be referred to as “survivors” instead, as it can emphasize their resilience and strength in overcoming adversity. Others may be comfortable with the term “victim” when discussing their experiences, as it accurately reflects their status as someone who has been harmed.

If you or someone you love is ready to take back control from addiction, contact the Aviary Recovery Center in Missouri. With our full spectrum of recovery services, we can help in your journey from victim to victor.

For more information about The Aviary Recovery Center, inpatient drug rehab Lincoln MO, please contact us anytime at (314) 464-0222. We are here to help.